Book Binding: Complete Guide to Bookbinding Methods
A book’s spine and pages are bound by screws. A bookbinder uses a vise to hold the pages in place while inserting a piece of wire into a “closer” or vice. The wire is then crimped into a round shape. This keeps the pages from shifting and the spine hidden. In addition to the different types of binding, there are also different types of screws. Each type of binding has a different cost and procedure.
Hardcover books are more durable and tend to have a higher value than their paper-covered counterparts. Single-sheet and section sewn books are both durable and may last longer. Rigid cover books can be expensive, and many are finished with vellum or buckram. A visible joint is often present. If you need a more economical option, you may consider using one-off-type binding methods. However, if your book is only going to be printed in the short run, a hardcover or casebound book is not the best option.
Another type of binding was known as Japanese bookbinding. This type of binding is best known for its intricate, colorful thread work. The binding process involves threading a series of loops around the spine of the book, a process that results in a stunning bespoke product. Some Japanese bookbinding processes even include hand stitching that looks like embroidery. This style is perfect for journals and albums. There are many benefits to Japanese bookbinding, but the most obvious is that it is a high quality product that will last for years.
Perfect binding is another popular style of binding. This method is the least expensive and is often the most economical for paperback books. However, it has several disadvantages and is not recommended for constant use. It has minimal protection for interior pages, and it doesn’t lay flat when opened. The pages need to be stitched together. Perfect binding can be fragile and will fall apart after a period of time if not properly stored. If you plan to display the book, it’s best to laminate it to extend its life.
Traditionally, books were bound by gluing and sewing together. However, nowadays, book binding has changed. While most books are sold as “perfectly bound,” most are made of a paper material that is a half-and-half covering. In recent years, it has been replaced by a polyurethane reactive adhesive that has been praised for its durability and strength. Despite the advantages of these methods, they are still not widely used.
For the cover boards, a rubber solution glue works well. Its main purpose is to hold the individual pages together. Make sure to avoid gluing the spine to the cotton-covered bound paper wad. This prevents the page block from falling out of the cover. Also, it can be tricky to find the right size needle for thread binding. A good rule of thumb is to make four evenly spaced stitch holes in the board. This method can take several days to complete, but it’s worth it in the long run.
Case binding, also known as hardcover, is another type of book binding. The cover and pages are sewn together. The pages are then glued or stitched together to create a “textblock.” The cover is then attached to the main book by means of endpapers treated with glue. This binding method is very expensive and is typically reserved for expensive titles. A book’s spine may also be glued to prevent it from detaching.
The headband was originally a decorative band to protect the top and bottom edges of the spine. The band is often colored but can be plain as well. In the 17th century, this binding method was popular in the United States. The proper terminology for this method is tete-beche binding. This type of binding is used for a number of different purposes, and the name dos-a-dos is a loose term.
Spiral binding is the most common mechanical binding method. This method involves punching holes in the spine of each page and then stapling them together using metal or plastic coils. These books tend to be cheap and quick to produce, but can be damaged easily because of the nesting of pages. For these reasons, it’s best to avoid saddle-stitched book binding. But before making the final decision, consider the pros and cons of each type of binding.
Wire-O books are flexible, but have a tendency to tear easily, so you should practice trimming the edges carefully. The most important edge is the one that will lie opposite the binding. You can’t add pages to them when they’re folded. Unlike comb books, Wire-O books are softcover and do not have spines. If you’re not comfortable with wire-o books, choose a different type of paper.